Hi Rick, good comments. I think you're right about the non-CW use of code. There's definitely some anger against it. I spent an hour on the phone last week with Eric Anderson, a fantastic inventor. He's the owner/founder of PreppComm. You're right -- that device is cool. And Eric has ideas popping everywhere -- so fun to talk to ! I think he needs some marketing help personally, to find and zero in on the right market. It's still being presented as a gadget. It's being sold like it's a combination can opener, fishing rod and reel, fish deboner, and rifle all in one. I always thought that I would like to buy one. I don't know which function I'd use it for, so I never clicked "buy." Anyway, Eric has a device there that COULD teach you how to actually do the code, by watching and learning as code comes up on the screen. Yes, that could be helpful. And it's an innovation. So you're right that PreppComm is a good example. But CW, outside of that, is not really a place for innovation. And what you said makes sense . . . there are a lot of old timer hams that just get very upset when CW looks like it's being "innovated." Dave. W7DGJ PS - LOVE YOUR KEY!