Scientists explain magnetic pole's wanderings

Discussion in 'Amateur Radio News' started by W0PV, May 21, 2020.

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  1. W0PV

    W0PV Ham Member QRZ Page

    Fascinated by how far the North Magnetic Pole has moved just in my lifetime. Also, always knew the geographic pole was separate from the magnetic, but did not fully realize there are actually TWO separate magnetic poles, nor understand the significant differences in relation to each.

    Pondering the question - has this mag pole drift detectably altered radio propagation, either for classic F-layer HF paths, or for VHF reflection from auroras?

    73, John, WØPV

    European scientists think they can now describe with confidence what's driving the drift of the North Magnetic Pole.

    Animation - https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/av/embed/p08cchxn/52550973

    It's shifted in recent years away from Canada towards Siberia.

    And this rapid movement has required more frequent updates to navigation systems, including those that operate the mapping functions in smartphones.

    A team, led from Leeds University, says the behaviour is explained by the competition of two magnetic "blobs" on the edge of the Earth's outer core.

    Changes in the flow of molten material in the planet's interior have altered the strength of the above regions of negative magnetic flux.

    "This change in the pattern of flow has weakened the patch under Canada and ever so slightly increased the strength of the patch under Siberia," explained Dr Phil Livermore.

    "This is why the North Pole has left its historic position over the Canadian Arctic and crossed over the International Date Line. Northern Russia is winning the 'tug of war', if you like," he told BBC News.

    [​IMG]

    Artwork: Earth's magnetic field is generated in its fluid outer core

    Earth has three poles at the top of the planet. A geographic pole which is where the planet's rotation axis intersects the surface. The geomagnetic pole is the location which best fits a classic dipole (its position alters little). And then there is the North Magnetic, or dip, Pole, which is where field lines are perpendicular to the surface.

    It is this third pole that has been doing all the movement.

    When first identified by explorer James Clark Ross in the 1830s, it was in Canada's Nunavut territory.

    Back then it didn't wander very far, very fast. But in the 1990s, it took off, racing to ever higher latitudes and crossing the date line in late 2017. In the process, it came to within just a few hundred kilometres of the geographic pole.

    [​IMG]
    Regions of negative magnetic flux have been in a "tug of war"

    Using data from satellites that have measured the evolving shape of Earth's magnetic field over the past 20 years, Dr Livermore and colleagues have attempted to model the North Magnetic Pole's wanderings.
    Two years ago when they first presented their ideas at the American Geophysical Union meeting in Washington DC, they suggested there might be a connection with a westward-accelerating jet of molten material in the outer core. But the models were a complex fit and the team has now revised its assessment to align with a different flow regime.

    "The jet is tied to quite high northern latitudes and the alteration in the flow in the outer core that's responsible for the change in the position of the pole is actually further south," Dr Livermore said.

    "There's also a timing issue. The jet acceleration occurs in the 2000s, whereas the pole acceleration begins in the 1990s."

    [​IMG]

    The team's latest modelling indicates the pole will continue to move towards Russia but will in time begin to slow. At top speed, it's been making 50-60km a year.

    "Whether or not it will move back again in the future is anyone's guess," the Leeds scientist told BBC News.

    The pole's recent race across the top of the world prompted the US National Geophysical Data Center and the British Geological Survey to issue an early update to the World Magnetic Model last year.

    This model is a representation of Earth's magnetic field across the entire globe. It is incorporated into all navigation devices, including modern smartphones, to correct for any local compass errors.

    Dr Livermore and colleagues leaned heavily on the data acquired by the European Space Agency's Swarm satellites. The team has published its research in the journal Nature Geoscience.

    Jonathan.Amos-INTERNET@bbc.co.uk and follow me on Twitter: @BBCAmos
     
    Last edited: May 21, 2020
    K8PG, PE1KWE, JF1IRQ and 2 others like this.
  2. W7XTZ

    W7XTZ Ham Member QRZ Page

    I think I'm lost, where am I? o_O
     
    W8NSI and K0UO like this.
  3. KA8VNG

    KA8VNG Ham Member QRZ Page

    How will Santa find his way home ?
     
    G3SEA and K0UO like this.
  4. K6UTJ

    K6UTJ Ham Member QRZ Page

    For a much more comprehensive and in depth explanation surrounding the Earth's electromagnetic field, solar forcing, etc.... please visit the following site...
    https://spaceweathernews.com/
     
    KL7KN and WR5AY like this.
  5. N0TZU

    N0TZU Platinum Subscriber Platinum Subscriber QRZ Page

    A lot of airport runways have had to be renumbered. The numbers are the magnetic heading, one or two digits.
     
    K4FEK, W8NSI, W0PV and 1 other person like this.
  6. KG5RZ

    KG5RZ Ham Member QRZ Page


    GPS
     
  7. W5MBH

    W5MBH Premium Subscriber QRZ Page

    But, is the Earth still flat ? :rolleyes:
     
    KE0QQQ and KG5ZSU like this.
  8. K1SZO

    K1SZO XML Subscriber QRZ Page

    From my perspective on the ground it is! :D
     
    W5MBH likes this.
  9. KB0MLR

    KB0MLR Ham Member QRZ Page

    Don't put your round earth hangups on me, maaaaaaaan!
    [​IMG]
     
    W5TRX and KE0QQQ like this.
  10. KC5NOA

    KC5NOA Ham Member QRZ Page

    Yo
     

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