I can't really say the ARRL helped this situation at all, either. It appeared to me that the most important thing to them was the free publicity, it didn't really matter to them what the mission was. ARRL's presence at the FEMA JFO was looked at with disdain more than anything in spite of some good efforts on the part of some of the folks there. It just left a bad impression with the FEMA personnel. ARRL was trying to use their response to springboard a bigger relationship with FEMA (and get FEMA funding, no doubt). I don't see that happening now and I see FEMA's likelihood of working with ARRL to be much, much lower than it was before Puerto Rico. What I do see is FEMA encouraging SHARES members to get more involved, including deployments. I could also see them encouraging state and local EMAs to develop their own relationships with local ham groups. A cadre of distributed first responders, as it were, that wouldn't have to be brought in to be helpful, particularly in the early stages post-disaster. If FEMA learns the right lessons from Puerto Rico, they will incorporate the use of hams, MARS, and SHARES as an integral part of the total disaster response ESF-2 function. It also wouldn't surprise me to see both the ARC and Salvation Army actively start to recruit recruit a lot of hams that could deploy with their existing disaster teams. What they and FEMA both likely WON'T do is rely on the ARRL again.