I understand the background behind incentive licensing. Part a desire to reward technical aptitude of Americans, and part because of the challenge of learning Morse Code. That's all water under the bridge. I'm wondering what is the value that incentive licensing provides to Amateur Radio today. The tests are not hard to pass. All of the questions are published along with the answers, and one simply needs to memorize the answers. It took me 9 days of studying (maybe 1 hour per day) to upgrade from General to Extra when I upgraded about 2 years ago. I'm wondering - and trying really hard not to be a troll - if the benefit of incentive licensing is less aimed at increasing our technical aptitude as Amateur Radio Operators, but rather to provide endless fodder, discussion, and debate among existing amateurs and the ARRL. It seems to be that the amateurs (the ARRL primarily) spend a lot of time trying to "improve" the various Amateur classes by moving operating privileges around. I've been licensed since 1992 and one thing is for sure - the license classes and privileges assigned to each class is never stable. Outside of this opportunity to be engaged at redefining amateur radio as we know it, does the incentive licensing program actually provide any benefits to either us as Amateurs or the public at large?