National Transportation Safety Board Aircraft Accident Report NTSB/AAR-09/03 In-flight Left Engine Fire American Airlines Flight 1400 September 28, 2007 St. Louis, Missouri "Board Member Statement - Member Sumwalt, Concurring" "Unfortunately I once again find myself compelled to comment on the casual attitude of a flight crew. The fact is, time and time again, Safety Board investigations have revealed casual crew attitudes. Of significance is that in several cases, I believe the casual attitude either directly caused the accident or exacerbated factors leading to the accident. "As an airline pilot for nearly two-and-a-half decades, I recognize....... "I ask rhetorically: What is the best way to prepare yourself to deal with events that are unfamiliar to you....Based on my flying experience and aviation safety background, I firmly believe the answer is rigorous adherence to standard operating procedures (SOP) and cockpit discipline on each and every flight. When you do this, you are preparing yourself for the unexpected. "In reviewing the cockpit voice recorder transcript, there were several things that pointed to a casual crew attitude... "Taken in isolation, these individual deviations may seem insignificant. When viewed in totality, however, these remarks and deviations from SOPs before, during and after the emergency paint a picture of a flight crew who may not have been mentally prepared to properly deal with abnormal and emergency situations.....Quite simply, they weren't mentally in the ball game..... "In the case of improving pilot professionalism, the laws (regulations and company policies) are present. What is lacking are sufficient peer pressures, consequences and in some cases, individual accountability and responsibility. "I urge management and pilot associations to tow a heavy line on insisting on compliance. And I urge that individual pilots insist on this, as well. By addressing these issues through management and pilot association pressures, along with individual accountability and responsibility, needed changes will occur. To do anything less is simply unacceptable."