Here is an easy format for CW QSO which we used to call a "Rubber Stamp" QSO... and for anyone starting out with going on air, it's a good formula, as you set the pace and the format, and are less likely to get unknown longer words and rag chew responses.... First, call CQ at a speed you are comfortable with getting a reply at, or better, a speed a bit LESS than that: CQ CQ CQ DE VK5EEE VK5EEE VK5EEE CQ CQ CQ DE VK5EEE VK5EE VK5EEE PSE K The PSE K at the end is very useful, because if someone tuned in to you without hearing your CQ but only got your callsign, they will KNOW you were calling CQ, because only a CQ ends with "PSE K". Note: DURING a QSO if you want anyone to be able to break in and join in, send K at the end of your over, but otherwise send KN which means Go Ahead but No One Else. It's used less these days, but it serves a very useful purpose in Amateur Radio! Someone answers you, if you missed their call, send: QRZ? QRZ? DE VK5EEE VK5EEE PSE AGN K If they came back to you too fast send: QRZ? PSE QRS QRS K Assuming you have their call, your first over in a "Rubber Stamp" QSO would go like this: W5BIB W5BIB DE VK5EEE GM TNX FER CALL = UR RST 579 579 579 = QTH ADELAIDE ADELAIDE = MY NAME IS LOU LOU LOU = HW? W5BIB DE VK5EEE KN Why did I send W5BIB twice at the start? I don't have to, but it's a good idea, 1. the other station will know you got their call correctly, and they like to hear their callsign coming through so it won't matter if it is sent twice, if sent once they may not be sure if you got it and be less relaxed No need to send HOW DO YOU COPY? simply HW? is the standard. Do NOT send MY QTH IS ... as QTH already means "My location is...". When W5BIB answers, he's going to give you your report, his name, and his QTH. He may or may not add some more stuff like WX, RIG, ANT. Your SECOND over will go similar to this: R W5BIB DE VK5EEE FB DR STEVE = HR RIG FT900 PWR 100W ANT DIPOLE UP 4M 4M = WX SUNNY 15C = TNX FER FB QSO PSE QSL VIA BURO HPE CUAGN 73 W5BIB DE VK5EEE KN Then all you need to do on the final final (third over) is dit dit or again if you like: 73 TU SU (Best wishes, thank you, see you). Don't send R if you did not receive. If you missed something come back with RST? or NAME? or QTH? Of course other options are GM, GA, GE, GN, GL, BCNU, 77, 88, 99 (99 = Get Lost!)... These types of "rubber stamp" QSO work very well across language barriers, and are less daunting to newcomers having first on-air QSOs. In Europe, due to language barriers, they are very common. In W/VK/G/ZL they'd be rare due to everyone speaking English, which makes it much harder for new comers to CW to get easy QSO without the other OM coming back with chat about his veggie patch, the price of mulch, what he ate for lunch, etc.