I work CW quite a lot, and have done so for more than fifty years; still a lot of activity and great fun. I do notice some "new" ops, including new licensees and also some long-licensed ops just getting into CW now, who do some things that are real time wasters and really should be avoided. Just worked an op yesterday afternoon who said he'd been using CW since January (about six months) now -- won't mention his callsign -- and here's what happened: -He called CQ in a way that won't get a lot of answers, although I did answer him. The CQ included sending his own callsign 7 times in a row, which is 4-5 times more than needed. Nothing illegal about this, it's just kind of a time kill. Better to call CQs that last 15-30 seconds depending upon keying speed and not send your own call more than 3x in any part of the CQ. -He didn't end the CQ with an invitation to transmit: "K." That's kind of silly. How will anyone know when you're finished and listening, without a K? -I answered him by sending his call once and my call twice. He got it! But he replied to me by sending my call, then his call, then K. Why? When someone answers you, it's your turn. Provide a report! Then, turn it back over to the other station. -On his next transmission, he provided first his name, with a period after that. Then "QTH IS" with his location, and a period after that. Then "NAME HERE IS" with his name, and a period after that. Nothing illegal about any of that, but it's kind of silly. First, I'd always recommend sending a signal report FIRST, before anything else. He didn't actually send me one. It's important to have this first, as it lets you know if the other guy is really hearing you well, or poorly, or at all. If poorly, it might be time to increase power if possible. If well, great. But this is nice to know right up front. Then, there's no reason to send periods in a ham radio rag chew. They might be important if relaying an important message someone else wrote; I'd never change anything about "someone else's message." But when you're making up your own text and just exchanging conversation, periods are a waste of time and never needed. Hams use _..._ (BT) for that, or if what you're sending obviously contains unrelated pieces of information, you really don't need to separate them with anything at all. I usually send (example) RST 599 HR QTH LOS ANGELES OP STEVE STEVE HW? Anyone who can copy code knows where the "breaks" are without me adding them. It makes conversation run smoother and exchanging more information more quickly an easier task. Also, DO send a signal report, don't omit it. It's not for "vanity," it's to let the other party know if you can really copy them well -- or not. If someone gives me a 599, I don't increase power or repeat information. If they give me a 339, I might increase power (if available) and will send everything twice to help assure they get it. Also, "QTH HERE IS" is superfluous -- "QTH" already means "my location is," so no reason to add more words to it. "NAME HERE IS" also seems a little silly...who else's name would you give? -The op also took a very long time to respond to each of my transmissions. I'd send some stuff, send "K" to turn it back to him, and be met with dead silence for maybe 15-20 seconds. Figured I'd lost him (happens), but then there he was replying to me with "R R" and stuff saying he got it all. What takes another 15-20 seconds to get it all? I don't understand that one. But I'll tell you if you do that when working DX, or making a contest contact, or contacting anyone in a pileup -- this won't work. During that 15 seconds, whoever you were after will make two other contacts and won't hear you again. I love that a lot of newer guys (and some older ones, too!) are getting into CW and hope they're all enjoying it. But really listen to how you operate and if there are places to improve...go for the improvements.