C.W. was taught by listening to Elvis music in one ear and the code in the other (U.S. Navy RM"A" School 1964). We developed a swing by the rhythm of the music, it was a great learning tool. Navy had been teaching code to Radiomen for years and developed this method. We were required to send/receive 18 wpm too graduate. Also, had 4 hours of basic electronic's and radio operations everyday. The course was approximately 6-8 months in length. Therefore, back to my EFFORT point, the FCC downgraded the license requirements, for several reasons, they saw a outdated mode (Their opinion) and gave into pressure from groups and manufacture's who wanted to expand their sales base. I'm in no way being critical of their decision! I'm however, being critical of the ARRL for not demanding more input into that decision, agree or disagree! If we as a society, decide to make things in life easier because of economic, political or social pressure's, then in the long term, everyone loses!! Let me be perfectly clear, I'm 73 Years young and the older you get the fewer people share your view's or opinion!, So, you have your opinion (KE6EE) and I have mind!! 73's to you!!