Yes Cecil. Absolutely correct. I spent the day today trimming a dipole that is just a tad larger than 1 wave length on 20m, and pruning it in combination with my home brew ladder line for minimum VSWR(50) at the balun where a short length of coax enters the shack. I'm all about tuning my dipoles with my home brew lines, fed through a balun and coax and the dipoles are rarely 1/2 wavelength, often 1 w/l or somewhere inbetween but it depends on the length of the high Zo line I use to feed it. My illustration was to make a point about resonance. This seems to be a misconception - that an antenna has to be resonant. We may tune it to resonance with matching, or with a tuning stub, etc - but there is nothing special about an antenna that is, unto itself "resonant". I will continue to tune a Hamstick for minimum VSWR(50) at the feed point, assuming the best mounting and rigging procedures are followed. I will not tune it for X=0. Better yet, If I get serious about mobile HF I'll build something better than a Hamstick. If I could actually achieve an SWR of 1:1 in a mobile setup, X=0 would be part of the definition. In reality, I will probably not achieve that - so minimum VSWR is the goal - not some other tuning that is GREATER than minimum VSWR just so my analyzer tells me X=0. Or - I could add that shunt coil and really tune the thing. Of course that all goes out the window if we start moving. No pun intended. At some point, if we make it to a VSWR(50) of 1:1, the point is moot because X can't be anything else. Is that much agreeable?