Hallicrafters Shortwave Radio; Winning WWII With Technology (1944)

Discussion in 'Ham Radio Discussions' started by NW7US, Aug 6, 2017.

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  1. NW7US

    NW7US Premium Subscriber QRZ Page

    Great film about a great radio manufacturer and radio set.

    In 1944, this short subject film was produced by the Jam Handy Organization and sponsored by the Hallicrafters Company. It shows the construction of the SCR-299 and dramatizes its use during World War II. This is a B&W documentary presenting a look at the manufacturing and use of the (now defunct) Hallicrafters Company’s SCR-299 “mobile communications unit.” This 1944 film, produced with help from the US Army Signal Corps, and by the Hallicrafters Company, explains how, using radio gear such as this Hallicrafters shortwave radio transmitter and receiver technology, the US Forces and Allies were better equipped to win World War II.

    The SCR-299 "mobile communications unit" was developed to provide long-range communications during World War II. The US Military sought improvements of range, flexibility and durability over its existing SCR-197 and SCR-597 transmitters. In 1942, Hallicrafters Standard HT-4 was selected as the SCR-299's transmitter, known subsequently by its military designation as the BC-610. The SCR-299 was first used on November 8, 1942, during Operation TORCH involving companies of the 829th Signal Service Battalion establishing a radio net that could exchange messages between beach-landed forces and bases in Gibraltar. Despite initial problems unloading the sets from convoy ships, the SCR-299s served until the installation of permanent Army Command and Administrative Network stations. According to US Army military historians, "General Dwight Eisenhower credited the SCR-299 in his successful reorganization of the American forces and final defeat of the Nazis at Kasserine Pass."

    The SCR-299 was a “self-contained” receiving and transmitting mobile high-frequency (HF; or, shortwave) station capable of operating from 2 MHz to 8 MHz. Using conversion kits, it could operate from 1 MHz to 18 MHz. The transmitter output reached 350 watts.

    The entire unit came in a K-51 truck except for Power Unit PE-95 which was in a K-52 trailer. Power could either be supplied by the Power Unit and a 12-volt storage battery or 115-volt 60-cycle AC commercial power and two spare 6-volt storage batteries. The power requirement was 2000 watts, plus 1500 watts for heater and lights.

    The system could be remotely controlled up to a distance of one mile (1.6 km) using two EE-8 field telephones and W-110-B Wire kit. Remote equipment was provided for remotely keying or voice modulating the transmitter, remotely listening to the receiver, and for communicating with the operator of the station.

    Read more details here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/SCR-299

    Public domain film from the Library of Congress Prelinger Archive.

    73 de NW7US

    K9ASE, W5PB and W2AI like this.
  2. WA4BCS

    WA4BCS Ham Member QRZ Page

    Interesting to see what technology was happening the year I was born!:)
  3. KY5U

    KY5U Premium Subscriber QRZ Page

    Look at "The Voice of Victory". Good film about those units.
  4. NW7US

    NW7US Premium Subscriber QRZ Page

    Did you watch the video that is in the first post in this thread? What is the title displayed in the opening segment of this video?
  5. KY5U

    KY5U Premium Subscriber QRZ Page

    I don't see video links in my browser. Sorry. Didn't mean to offend you.
  6. NW7US

    NW7US Premium Subscriber QRZ Page

    You did not offend me. I asked because this video is the same one that you said we should watch. That made it evident that you did not watch the video. Curious that you'd comment without watching, though. But, each to their own, I suppose.

    The video is a pretty cool look back in time.

  7. WW2E

    WW2E Ham Member QRZ Page

    Hallicrafters released a very interesting 45 RPM record in the early 1960s that was designed to promote shortwave radio listening. If you'd like to hear the audio from that record, go here.

    Pictures of the record and its cover are on my QRZ.com page, along with a link to the audio (same as link above).
    W5PB likes this.
  8. W0AAT

    W0AAT XML Subscriber QRZ Page

    Bookmarked to watch later!
  9. N2EY

    N2EY Ham Member QRZ Page

    It should be remembered that the HT-4 had to be significantly modified to meet military requirements. And, although Hallicrafters was best known for its receivers, the receivers in the SCR-299 were not Hallicrafters designs and most if not all of them were made by others.

    73 de Jim, N2EY
  10. W5PB

    W5PB Ham Member QRZ Page

    Thank you for posting this. I shared it to the Hallicrafters group on Facebook

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