I am looking at a friend's '890 and discovered that that the top panel above the heatsink is very warm. A quick Google search found someone else with the same problem and most suggestions were to measure the current on receive. I did so and after watching it for a good while it had run up to about 2.9 Amps. The factory spec is 1.5 Amps. I opened it up and checked the PA idling current per the technical manual and measuring between TP40001 and TP4002 it was running around 9.8 mv when it should be around 6 mV. I spent some time adjusting it to be around 6 mV at its warmest, so I put it back together and measured the receive current and it was around 2.28 Amps once warmed up. That is quite a bit less, but still about 700 mA more than spec. I spent some time tracing things around the PA (100W version) and have come to assume the PA is fine as the T9 line coming from the Local Unit is resting at 1.3V on receive when it should be 0V per the schematic. On TX it rises to the nominal 8.8V shown on the PA schematic. As I understand it, this is keeping Q4009 on and activating the PA for transmit mode. Other voltages I measured around the PA are consistent with the TX values on the schematic. The T9 line seems to be sourced from several places on the Local Unit. What might be the likely culprit? The 1.3V on the T9 line at the PA unit is constant regardless of mode selected. I am working from a scanned copy of the Technical Manual on my computer and the resolution becomes poor as I zoom in, especially for the Local unit schematic. Now, I know the FT-890 isn't exactly a boat anchor but it could serve as a sinker for a minnow bucket. The model is 25+ years old so I think it qualifies for this forum.