My background is that I am a radio HOBBYIST of close to 15 years of experience who has studied the code and only have to take the test to get my General Class license. I have another hobby where knowledge is well respected by prominent participants in that hobby. (I AM NOT AN IDIOT) Amateur Radio is about to be totally changed in terms of how the hobby is practiced. All of the wishful thinking of those who are scared witless of these changes will not stop them. The "Big 3" don't care, they will sell radios to whoever takes our spectrum, in fact if there is a massive refarming of spectrum, us hams will have to junk our radios and the new services which take our spectrum will have to buy all new radios. This will be good news for the "Big 3" as well as outfits like Motorola who HATE OUR GUTS. The only way to save ham radio is to UNITE the hams. Pass a WRITTEN TEST on SAFETY, OPERATING PROTOCOLS, and REGULATIONS and EARN THE PRIVILEGES. DO THE SAME ON A HIGHER LEVEL TO ADVANCE. Let the ARRL or FISTS administer a REAL code testing program with speeds up to say, 60 wpm for a Master Telegrapher and use the test results for reciprocal licensing with countries who still require a code test but NOT as a requirement for ANY class of US ham license.