* DO write down what you receive, but when you miss a letter, put an underscore, quickly forget it, move on * Relax, enjoy, don't stress, learn not to worry about characters you missed, you'll fill them in later * Do not allow 5WPM character speed! Nothing less than 18WPM character speed, but have long gaps (farnsworth spacing) I think you've probably been trying too hard and too long. A few minutes a day is better than hours or than a big session a week. Enjoy it and only do it when you're relaxed and want to. Maybe you've been listening at 5WPM with character speed also at 5WPM then you will only hear "dots" and "dashes" and not characters. Character speed at 18WPM but effective speed at 5WPM by long gaps, G4FON software is free, and among the very best for learning CW, and doesn't allow you to even set the character speed too low - foolproof. Good luck and hope you notice soon the difference.