Ham radio never was broken until the Arrl petitioned The fcc to get rid of the novice license and it’s working Elmer ideologue that was used to validated potential New people from crazy free banders or lazy posers Just trying to sneak into the ham ranks without Learning the ropes and who didn’t want to work for the ham license back then...!!! Elmer’s used one on one Teaching and careful mentoring along with hands on the training to teach each novice any and all the ropes about ham radio and it’s rich traditions, and camaraderie, until the (((ARRL broke it))), all by making it all just a dumbed down test with all the answers In the back of the book so that anyone can memorize and pass any of the so called ham tests over just one weekend of study ... —- ... Sad state of affairs we have all allowed the ARRL To Run things unchecked for much too long and they have mucked Up the waters for us all now And for what...??? So they can sell more magazine subscription just for the money... Thereby destroying what took generations to build By carefully elmering and validating new hams...!!! So now we have know nothing Techs who learn to memorize ham test answers who ((can’t even solder)) a pl259 connector to save a life, then they become know nothing generals, who can’t even build a dipole, and then ((( wow))) we finally get to 12 year old extras who say things like I have read about pl259 connectors so that’s a real one wow.. man ...!!! So I say again really ARRL what’s next . Ham radio needs a new Wayne Green and fast ...!!!