Show me one 24 hour period in the history of radio there wasn't intercontinental propagation at least somewhere between 160m and 10m. In fact a lot of 160m folks live for solar minimums and low indices. Maybe there was some massive flare that knocked out radio globally, but generally - even during solar minimums there is global propagation somewhere. K is a prediction of atmospheric disturbance, not good propagation. Also, the methods of propagation are completely dependent on the frequency and time of day. Signals on 10m do not propagate the same way they propagate on 160m. "complications about db's and azimuth patters???" What are you talking about? An antenna has a pattern of radiation that is a function of frequency, height above ground, etc - We measure and compare the energy in one direction vs another direction using the unit of a decibel. The question was in regard to the direction or orientation of the dipole, height above ground and band of operation. The answer to his question is in the patterns generated by 4NEC2 over real average ground for a half wave dipole. It is quite accurate for this type of use. I also explained that the effect isn't as clear cut as "I can't work South America because my dipole is oriented for Spain". The patterns show the radiation off the sides relative to the radiation broadside - which the operator said he was *distressed* over. Again, the answer to "distress" and "confusion" is understanding through measurement.