It's not really a technical challange. If we had access to QO-100, there would be thousands of operators working it or building stations for it from NA and SA. Because the Qataris paid for it. You don't seem to understand that the only thing stopping us from having a commercial sat maker putting an amateur transponder up there for us is MONEY. The GEO sat that the Germans and Qataris have isn't built or launched by amateurs. It's a commercial transponder, and the only thing WE need to get one is MONEY. Because nobody (including you, I think) used the first one.... Remember LilacSat-1????