Sometimes station personnel are not even aware of a violation until the FCC inspects and finds, for example, some trivial irregularity in the Public File. The station may be hit with a big fine without any opportunity to first, correct the violation. Maybe a previous employee forgot to file some arcane piece of paper with the proper date, or deliberately removed a page from a file and failed to put it back. Intentionally running over power, waiting until the ball game is over before cutting to night-time power, operating off frequency, intentionally falsifying an FCC application, over-modulating, neglecting to replace tower lights and other violations of that sort are inexcusable. But minor paperwork irregularities can happen even to one who tries their best to comply with the rules. Sometimes it's a matter of second-guessing what the inspector wants to see, for example regarding EEO rules. I recall reading in RadioWorld a few years ago about a small station that claimed compliance by listing an employee, a recent immigrant from Spain, as "Hispanic", to satisfy a requirement to actively promote ethnic diversity in staffing. The FCC inspector cited the station, saying that the Spanish employee was "European", not Hispanic, and thus did not count. Instead of merely advising station management that the the Spaniard did not meet FCC standards for being an ethnic "minority", the station was issued a "forfeiture". Now, how could anyone, in good faith, guess ahead of time that an FCC inspector would not consider someone from Spain as being Hispanic? How could one be more Hispanic than to hail from Spain? It's unfortunate that the FCC has become so lax in enforcement of the amateur rules that certain miscreants can openly operate for months or even years with apparent impunity, but we should be thankful they are not so pernickety with hams as they once were, when even a minor slip-up like going 15 seconds over the 10-minute ID requirement could result in a pink ticket. However, they generally seemed forgiving for one particularly common violation, harmonic radiation from Novice stations, which usually resulted in a warning notice the first time, rather than an immediate formal notice of violation.