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WR5AW
08-13-2008, 02:01 PM
I'm looking for a schematic for a code practice oscillator that can be hooked up to a keyer. I have a Picokeyer so I'd like to be able to just plug the oscillator into the key jack of the Picokeyer. Output would be to an 8 ohm speaker. Tone should be adjustable. Power could be a 9v battery.

I've found lots of references to square wave code oscillator circuits. I found only one for a sine wave oscillator. Unfortunately, I can't remember where I saw it and haven't been able to find it again.

I'd settle for a square wave oscillator but I find the tone a bit annoying so I'd prefer a sine wave output.

Any input would be appreciated.

W4HAY
08-13-2008, 02:09 PM
How about a Twin-Tee oscillator like this one? (http://geofex.com/FX_images/q+dosc.gif) Add a transistor emitter follower to drive the 'phones. Wein Bridge and phase-shift circuits also give good sine wave output. Use your search engine.

The easiest way to get good tone is from a simple Pierce oscillator (http://mysite.du.edu/~etuttle/electron/elect16.htm) using any crystal you have on hand, and monitoring it with your receiver. I used a color-burst rock from an old TV set. It's in the 80 Meter band to boot. I substituted a 1K resistor for the inductor in the drain circuit and tied the crystal directly between the drain and gate, eliminating the resistor "R" and .001 capacitor. The gate resistor is 100K rather than 10M. It's powered from a 9-Volt battery.

KL7AJ
08-13-2008, 03:27 PM
I'm looking for a schematic for a code practice oscillator that can be hooked up to a keyer. I have a Picokeyer so I'd like to be able to just plug the oscillator into the key jack of the Picokeyer. Output would be to an 8 ohm speaker. Tone should be adjustable. Power could be a 9v battery.

I've found lots of references to square wave code oscillator circuits. I found only one for a sine wave oscillator. Unfortunately, I can't remember where I saw it and haven't been able to find it again.

I'd settle for a square wave oscillator but I find the tone a bit annoying so I'd prefer a sine wave output.

Any input would be appreciated.

http://www.morsex.com/misc/ttone.htm

KL7AJ
08-13-2008, 03:32 PM
http://www.morsex.com/misc/ttone.htm

even more better one. :)

http://www.solorb.com/elect/sidetone/index.html

AB8RO
08-13-2008, 04:05 PM
even more better one. :)

http://www.solorb.com/elect/sidetone/index.html

That's quite a circuit! Here's an actual schematic for a twin T sin wave oscillator using just an op-amp. It's a sample circuit from the one-pas page. I sure like their proto boards but they are a bit spendy.

http://onepasinc.com/bonnie/Sch_03.jpg

http://onepasinc.com/bonnie/Circuits.html

K7JEM
08-13-2008, 04:18 PM
I suppose if a tunable frequency is required, other circuits might be better. One that works well is the XR2206, but it's pretty pricey, almost $4 for the chip. But, a single pot could make the tone frequency adjustable from 300-3000 Hz or more.

A good design project might be to design a complete twin T code osc using just an LM324 and maybe a couple of transistors. It would be good and cheap, but possibly not easily variable in pitch. It could be able to drive a headphone without any additional amplifier.

Set a goal of sine wave and decent sound, and set an upper limit of $2 for all of the parts (not including board and PS).

Joe

AB8RO
08-13-2008, 05:25 PM
I suppose if a tunable frequency is required, other circuits might be better. One that works well is the XR2206, but it's pretty pricey, almost $4 for the chip. But, a single pot could make the tone frequency adjustable from 300-3000 Hz or more.

A good design project might be to design a complete twin T code osc using just an LM324 and maybe a couple of transistors. It would be good and cheap, but possibly not easily variable in pitch. It could be able to drive a headphone without any additional amplifier.

Set a goal of sine wave and decent sound, and set an upper limit of $2 for all of the parts (not including board and PS).

Joe

I like that challenge Joe. That pretty much rules out any special purpose chips. One cheaper way to get a decent variable pitch sine wave oscillator is to use the LM13700 which is a dual transconductance amp. The data sheet, or an ap-note I can't remember which, includes a sin wave VCO. Unfortunately, the LM13700 isn't THAT much cheaper than the XR2206.

K8ERV
08-13-2008, 05:41 PM
Not the greatest, but cheap. Feed the speaker line back into the volume control thru a cap or cap+resistor (whatever works) in an old transistor radio.

TOM K8ERV Montrose Colo

K7JEM
08-13-2008, 06:44 PM
Something like this might work:

http://img175.imageshack.us/img175/8835/cpo2sw4.jpg

K7ELP
08-14-2008, 02:17 AM
Here is on I built several years ago. It uses a phase shift oscillator(741 op amp). The jack is for a key so in operation the key just turns on the speaker.
actual frequency is 660 Hz, calculated is 690 Hz.
I also built one that you can vary the frequency. It uses a 555 timer followed by a couple of intergraters, the first integrator converts the square wave to a triangle wave and the second one converts the triangle wave to a sine wave. If you want the schematic let me know and I will draw it with my cad package.
73
Ned

WA9SVD
08-14-2008, 04:41 AM
Some good suggestions, but I still prefer the LM380 over the LM-386. It's MUCH easier to tame, (at least in my experience) and can run off 12/13.8 Volts directly, with 2 Watts out, enough for code practice in even a crowded room, with a decent sized speaker...

AB8RO
08-14-2008, 10:09 PM
Some good suggestions, but I still prefer the LM380 over the LM-386. It's MUCH easier to tame, (at least in my experience) and can run off 12/13.8 Volts directly, with 2 Watts out, enough for code practice in even a crowded room, with a decent sized speaker...

Boy I agree. The LM386 is a harsh sounding beast.

K7ELP
08-15-2008, 04:12 PM
Boy I agree. The LM386 is a harsh sounding beast.
It can be if it is overdriven and if you want hi-fi sound, but for voice frequencies and lower power, I think it is fine.

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